Fruit Juice Clarification with Membranes

Introduction According to the Fruit Juice Market Report, in 2022 global fruit juice business size has grown to 147.5 billion dollars and is going to expand in the following years reaching almost 190 billion dollars by 2028 [1]. It is driven by campaigns promoting healthy lifestyle going together with increasing consciousness of people, which more […]

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Design of MBR Plants

Design of MBR Plants

Design data Below are listed the most important parameters that are required to properly design an MBR (Membrane Biological Reactor) system: Feed quantity: Average Daily Flow (ADF); Peak Hourly Flow (PHF); Feed quality: Non-ionic: Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Volatile Suspended Solids (VSS), 5-days Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD5), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Organic Nitrogen, Total Phosphorous […]

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Milk Standardisation - Membrane solutions for dairy products

Milk Standardisation – Membrane solutions for dairy products

Standardisation Standardisation refers to the process of adjusting the fat, protein, solids and non-fat content of milk and cream to standardise values, depending on the type of end-product being produced. This is mainly done to maximise the economic return from milk components whilst maintaining both the end-product quality and composition. The standardised fat content of […]

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Membrane Bioreactors (MBR) for Wastewater Treatment

Executive summary What is a membrane bioreactor? A Membrane BioReactor (MBR) is a process which combines a microfiltration or ultrafiltration membrane unit with a suspended growth bioreactor, and is now widely used in both municipal and industrial WasteWater Treatment Plants (WWTPs). 1)  Bioreactor: In a wastewater treatment process, a bioreactor is specifically-designed chamber to support […]

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potable water treatment

Potable water treatment

What is potable water? Potable water is water which is safe to drink. It must be safe in terms of chemical composition and organoleptic properties. Usually, potable water comes from surface or underground water, which will then need be treated to levels that meet the local standards for consumptions. Access to safe potable water is […]

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Wash-water effluent product recovery

BACKGROUND PCI Membranes was contacted by a multinational consumer goods company that specialises in producing a wide range of hygiene and personal care products, to evaluate the feasibility of using a tubular membrane system for the treatment of a laundry detergent wash-water resulting from one of their global manufacturing sites, with a target to concentrate […]

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